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A History of Science

By Williams, Henry Smith

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Book Id: WPLBN0000661085
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 584.99 KB.
Reproduction Date: 2005
Full Text

Title: A History of Science  
Author: Williams, Henry Smith
Language: English
Subject: Science., Physics, Physics--Research
Collections: Physics Literature
Publication Date:


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Williams, H. S. (n.d.). A History of Science. Retrieved from

Physics Literature

Excerpt: Chapter I. The Successors of Newton in Astronomy. The work of Johannes Hevelius-Halley and Hevelius-Halley's observation of the transit of Mercury, and his method of determining the parallax of the planets-Halley's observation of meteors-His inability to explain these bodies-The important work of James Bradley-Lacaille's measurement of the arc of the meridian-The determination of the question as to the exact shape of the earth-D'Alembert and his influence upon science-Delambre's History of Astronomy-The astronomical work of Euler.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS BOOK III CHAPTER I. THE SUCCESSORS OF NEWTON IN ASTRONOMY The work of Johannes Hevelius--Halley and Hevelius--Halley's observation of the transit of Mercury, and his method of determining the parallax of the planets--Halley's observation of meteors--His inability to explain these bodies--The important work of James Bradley--Lacaille's measurement of the arc of the meridian--The determination of the question as to the exact shape of the earth--D'Alembert and his influence upon science- -Delambre's History of Astronomy--The astronomical work of Euler. CHAPTER II. THE PROGRESS OF MODERN ASTRONOMY The work of William Herschel--His discovery of Uranus--His discovery that the stars are suns--His conception of the universe--His deduction that gravitation has caused the grouping of the heavenly bodies--The nebula, hypothesis, --Immanuel Kant's conception of the formation of the world--Defects in Kant's conception--Laplace's final solution of the problem--His explanation in detail--Change in the mental attitude of the world since Bruno--Asteroids and satellites--Discoveries of Olbers1--The mathematical calculations of Adams and Leverrier--The discovery of the inner ring of Saturn--Clerk Maxwell's paper on the stability of Saturn's rings--Helmholtz's conception of the action of tidal friction--Professor G. H. Darwin's estimate of the consequences


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