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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Year 1993, Diarrohoeal Diseases, Report No. 44-E: The Second Intercountry Meeting for National Control of Diarrheal Diseases Programme Managers

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000067957
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Year 1993, Diarrohoeal Diseases, Report No. 44-E: The Second Intercountry Meeting for National Control of Diarrheal Diseases Programme Managers  
Author: World Health Organization
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Year 1993, Diarrohoeal Diseases, Report No. 44-E. Retrieved from http://members.worldebooklibrary.org/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
Why AIDS/HIV and mobility as a new area of health concern? One can raise an eyebrow when hearing the title of this project. And, to be frank, I was not quite sure what was meant by this title when I first heard about the AIDS and Mobility project. When asked about the impact of AIDS/HIV on international traffic many people may think about a study into the rationale and justification of entrance restrictions imposed by some countries because of AIDS/HIV. Others will maintain that AIDS is a disease brought to their country by foreigners. Probably only very few persons will first mention the unponance of high quality prevention activities in order to optimally enable people engaged in international travel to protect the health of themselves and others. This inventory does not pretend to make an in-depth analysis of the ethical and human rights aspects related to travel, migration and the K-IKV status of the individuals involved. Since this is already the topic of worldwide heated discussions, this report will restrict itself to only briefly referring to the most important internationally recognized principles regarding travel, migration and AIDS/HIV. The project on AIDS and Mobility was ,primarily set up to encourage and, wherever necessary, to improve the AIDS/HIV prevention activities (also) aimed at people who travel internationally, or who reside in a culturally and linguistically alien environment. Both medical, social, political and economic concerns are underlying this project. In brief, health promotion activities are assumed to reach insufficiently members of both these groups as they cannot be approached tluough the usual social structures and channels of communications used by the national AIDS programmes to distribute information. Thus, the AIDS and Mobility project is mainly centred around furthering the development of accurate and appropriate health information and educational instruments targeted on specific groups.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS LISTOF ABBREVIAnONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 FOREWORD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Travellers, migrants and mobility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Aimsofthisrepon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 AIDSkIW, cross references and notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 2 STUDY RATIONALE AND METHODOLOGIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 The foreign connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 A value-laden epidemic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Does travel influence the spread of HIV? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Does migration influence the spread of HIV? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 The right to health care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Why examine the need of AIDS/HP information and education activities targeted on travellers and migrants? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II Central and Eastern Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3 TRAVEL AND AIDS/HIV PREVENTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 3.1 Background information . . * * . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Border-crossing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Economic importance of travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Number of nights spent abroad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Changing destinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Youth tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 Medical aspects of travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Sex and drugs tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Other factors influencing the chance of HIV exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Transmission routes related to travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.9 3.2 Assessing the need for specific AIDS/HIV prevention strategies towards travellers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Epidemiology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2.1 Travel and sexual behaviour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2.1. a Leisure travellers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Leisure travel and sexual activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . 21 Youth tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

 

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